Unbearable itching and burning – these symptoms of acute thrush are known to 75% of all women. It is exactly how many people face this disease at least once in their life. 40-45% of them experience relapses. About what is a thrush, how it flows and whether it is possible to avoid this unpleasant phenomenon, says the doctor obstetrician-gynecologist of the medical center “Your Doctor” Yermolovich Marina Mikhailovna.
Thrush – vulvovaginal candidiasis – an infectious disease caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. These fungi live in the environment and sometimes in a spore form – on the mucous and human skin. Usually they do not manifest themselves in any way, but with unfavorable factors, for example, a decrease in immunity, begin to multiply rapidly, causing inflammation of the mucosa.
What are the symptoms of inflammation?
First of all, this is an intolerable itching and burning in the vagina. The second characteristic symptom is abundant discharge, most often white curds, but sometimes they are also grainy, yellowish.
What causes thrush development?
Most often, the use of antibacterial drugs. In 80% of cases after the course of antibiotic treatment, candidiasis occurs. Any decrease in immunity can also cause the disease. Promotes the manifestation and unreasonable consumption of provoking products – alcoholic, acidic, salty, acute. The unfavorable ecological situation also plays the role of provocateur.
Is the disease transmitted sexually?
In general, it was always believed that no, that the thrush arises in the body on its own. In the treatment of thrush in one person, his partner is not necessarily to be treated. However, in men the same mucous, the same immunity, they are affected by the same adverse factors, so that they have thrush also can occur and proceed with similar symptoms. Therefore, if a man has signs of thrush, and a woman has a recurrent chronic candidiasis, then the course of treatment is better for both.
Do symptoms always appear with the disease?
There is such a thing – kandidonositelstvo. This diagnosis is made to a person who is not disturbed by any manifestations of candidiasis, but in smears there are isolated spore forms of fungi. The main harm of thrush is its acute unpleasant symptoms, so in the absence of clinical manifestations, it is not necessary to treat the candida carrier – after all, any medicines have a side effect.
How to act when a sudden acute manifestation of thrush? Is it enough just to take the advertised drug?
The fact is that other infectious diseases, like trichomoniasis, also appear similar symptoms. And if without revealing the cause of itching, burning and discharge, decide that it is definitely a thrush, drink “Diflucan” and calm down that the itching and burning stagnated, then you can get a chronic form of sexually transmitted infection. If symptoms occur, it is best to consult a doctor who will take a smear and identify the pathogen of inflammation. In addition, the thrush very often accompanies sexual infections, so that its appearance may be the impetus to pass the tests on them.
Do chronic forms of thrush occur?
How to be treated?
The best treatment is a combination of oral and vaginal drugs. In general, courses and medications are prescribed depending on the form – acute, subacute, first arising, recurrent. On average, the treatment lasts 8-10 days, but the symptoms are eliminated immediately.
How to avoid the appearance of candidiasis?
When taking antibiotics, you must take antifungal, bifidolactopreparations, which prevent the reproduction of fungi and contribute to the colonization of normal microflora. Often, we receive patients who were treated with antibiotics, for example pneumonia, but none of the above drugs were prescribed, and as a result, the woman received acute candidiasis. Prevention of candidiasis as such is not present, but with constant care for one’s health, with the right way of life, with moderate use of provoking products of this disease in principle can be avoided.