27.01.2021

Reduction in the Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes with Lifestyle Intervention or Metformin

The following investigators were members of the Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group (asterisks indicate principal investigators, and daggers program coordinators): Pennington Biomedical Research Center – G.A. Bray,* I.W. Culbert,† C.M. Champagne, M.D. Crow, L. Dawson, B. Eberhardt, F.L. Greenway, F.G. Guillory, A.A. Hebert, M.L. Jeffirs, K. Joyce, B.M. Kennedy, J.C. Lovejoy, S. Mancuso, L.E. Melancon, L.H. Morris, L. Reed, J. Perault, K. Rau, D.H. Ryan, D.A. Sanford, K.G. Smith, L.L. Smith, S.R. Smith, J.A. St. Amant, M. Terry, E. Tucker, R.T. Tulley, P.C. Vicknair, D. Williamson, and J.J. Zachwieja; University of Chicago – D.A. Ehrmann,* M.J. Matulik,† B. Clarke, D.A. Collins, K.B. Czech, C. DeSandre, G. Geiger, S. Grief, B. Harding-Clay, R.M. Hilbrich, D. le Grange, M.R. McCormick, W.L. McNabb, K.S. Polonsky, N.P. Sauter, A.R. Semenske, K.A. Stepp, and J.A. Tobian; Jefferson Medical College – P.G. Watson,* J.T. Mendoza,† K.A. Smith,† J. Caro, B. Goldstein, C. Lark, L. Menefee, L. Murphy, C. Pepe, and J.M. Spandorfer; University of Miami – R.B. Goldberg,* P. Rowe,† J. Calles, P. Casanova, R.P. Donahue, H.J. Florez, A. Giannella, G. Larreal, V. McLymont, J. Mendez, P. O’Hara, J. Ojito, R. Prineas, and P.G. Saab; The University of Texas Health Science Center – S.M. Haffner,* M.G. Montez,† C. Lorenzo, H. Miettinen, C.M. Mobley, L.A. Mykkanen, and M.M. Rozek; University of Colorado – R.F. Hamman,* P.V. Nash,† L. Testaverde,† D.R. Anderson, L.B. Ballonoff, A. Bouffard, B.N. Calonge, M. Farago, W.J. Georgitis, J.O. Hill, S.R. Hoyer, B.T. Jortberg, J.A. Merenich, M. Miller, J.G. Regensteiner, H.M. Seagle, C.M. Smith, S.C. Steinke, and B. VanDorsten; Joslin Diabetes Center – E.S. Horton,* K.E. Lawton,† R.A. Arky, M. Bryant, J.P. Burke, E. Caballero, K.M. Callaghan, D. Devlin, T. Franklin, O.P. Ganda, A.E. Goebel-Fabbri, M. Harris, S.D. Jackson, A.M. Jacobsen, L.M. Kula, M. Kocal, S. Ledbury, M.A. Malloy, C. Mullooly, M. Nicosia, C.F. Oldmixon, J. Pan, C. Pomposelli, M. Quitongan, S. Rubtchinsky, D. Schweizer, E.W. Seely, D. Simonson, F. Smith, C.G. Solomon, J. Tyson, and J. Warram; University of Washington and Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System – S.E. Kahn,* B.K. Montgomery,† M. Alger, E. Allen, T. Barrett, D. Bhanji, J. Cowan, J. Cullen, W.Y. Fujimoto, B. Katz, R.H. Knopp, E.W. Lipkin, M. Marr, B.S. McCann, J.P. Palmer, R.S. Schwartz, and D. Uyema; University of Tennessee – A.E. Kitabchi,* M.E. Murphy,† W.B. Applegate, M. Bryer-Ash, J.H. Coble, A. Crisler, G. Cunningham, A.W. Franklin, S.L. Frieson, D.L. Green, R. Imseis, C.L. Kennedy, H.C. Lambeth, K.A. Latif, L.C. Lichtermann, M.D. McIntyre, J.D. Nault, H. Oktaei, M.L. O’Toole, H. Ricks, L.M.K. Rutledge, S.C. Schussler, A.R. Sherman, C.M. Smith, J.E. Soberman, K.J. Stewart, D.L. VanBrunt, and B.J. Williams-Cleaves; Northwestern University Medical School – B.E. Metzger,* M.K. Johnson,† C. Behrends, M.L. Cook, M. Fitzgibbon, M.M. Giles, D. Heard, C. Johnson, D. Larsen, A. Lowe, M. Lyman, D. McPherson, M.E. Molitch, T. Pitts, R. Reinhart, S. Roston, and P.A. Schinleber; Massachusetts General Hospital – D.M. Nathan,* C. McKitrick,† K. Abbott, E. Anderson, L. Bissett, E. Cagliero, S. Crowell, L. Delahanty, S. Fritz, K. Hayward, E. Levina, T. Michel, D. Norman, J. O’Keefe, A. Poulos, L. Ronan, M. Rosal, M. Salerno, M. Schneider, C. Shagensky, B. Steiner, H. Turgeon, and A. Young; University of California, San Diego – J.M. Olefsky,* M.L. Carrion-Petersen,† E. Barrett-Connor, M. Beltran, K. Caenepeel-Mills, S.V. Edelman, R.O. Ford, J. Garcia, M. Hagerty, R.R. Henry, M. Hill, J. Horne, D. Leos, J. Matney, S. Mudaliar, G. Petersen, A. Pollard, W. Polonsky, S. Szerdi, J. Torio-Hurley, and K. Vejvoda; St. Luke’s–Roosevelt Hospital – F.X. Pi-Sunyer,* J.E. Lee,† D.B. Allison, N. Agharanya, N.J. Aronoff, M. Baldo, S.T. Foo, S. Hagamen, C. Pal, K. Parkes, M. Pena, and G.E.H. Van Wye; Indiana University – D.G. Marrero,* M.S. Kukman-Kelly,† Y.F. Dotson, S.E. Fineberg, J.C. Guare, A. Hadden, B. Hills, J.M. Ignaut, M.A. Jackson, M.S. Kirkman, K. Mather, G. McAtee, B.D. Porter, M.J. Prince, and M.L. Wheeler; Medstar Research Institute – R.E. Ratner,* G. Youssef,† S. Shapiro,† A. Bonar, M. Bronsord, E. Brown, W.W. Cheatham, S. Cola, A. Comfort, G. Boggs, C. Eagle, C. Evans, E. Gorman, R. Johnson, C. Levetan, T. Kellum, M. Lagarda, A.K. Nair, M.D. Passaro, and W. Phillips; UCLA Medical School – M.F. Saad,* M. Budgett,† S. Fahmi,† S.D. Jinagouda,† B. Bernaba, S.L. Bodkin, V. Ciobanu, R. Commisso, C. Cosenza, T. Dinh, M. Gonzalez, A. Khan, D. Kumar, G. Lui, V. Mehta, A. Sharma, S. Soukiazian, K. Szamos, A. Tramanian, A. Vargas, and N. Zambrana; Washington University, St. Louis – N.H. White,* A.S. Santiago,† S. Das,† A.L. Brown, S. Dagogo-Jack, E.B. Fisher, E. Hurt, T. Jones, M. Kerr, L. Ryder, J.V. Santiago (deceased), and C. Wernimont; Johns Hopkins School of Medicine – C.D. Saudek,* V.L. Bradley,† T. Fowlkes,† H. Joseph,† F.L. Brancati, J.B. Charleston, J.M. Clark, K. Horak, D. Jiggetts, H. Mosley, R.R. Rubin, A. Samuels, K.J. Stewart, L. Thomas, and P. Williamson; University of New Mexico School of Medicine – D.S. Schade,* K.S. Adams,† L.F. Atler, A. Bland, D.A. Bowling, P.J. Boyle, M.R. Burge, L. Butler, J.L. Canady, L. Chai, K.M. Colleran, M. Guillen, Y. Gonzales, M. Gutierrez, D. Hornbeck, C. Johannes, P. Katz, C. King, E.N. Libby III, R. McCalman, D.A. Montoya, A. Rassam, S. Rubinchik, and W. Senter; Albert Einstein College of Medicine – H. Shamoon,* J.O. Brown,† J. Adames, E. Blanco, L. Cox, J.P. Crandall, H. Duffy, S. Engel, A. Friedler, T. Harroun, C.J. Howard-Century, S. Kloiber, N. Longchamp, D. Pompi, E. Violino, E.A. Walker, J. Wylie-Rosett, E. Zimmerman, and J. Zonszein; University of Pittsburgh – R.R. Wing,* M.K. Kramer,† S. Barr, M.A. Boraz, L. Clifford, R. Culyba, M. Frazier, R. Gilligan, L. Harris, S. Harrier, W. Henderson, S. Jeffries, G. Koenning, A.M. Kriska, K. Maholic, Q. Manjoo, M. Mullen, A. Noel, T.J. Orchard, A. Otto, L.N. Semler, C. Smith, M. Smith, V. Stapinski, J. Viteri, T. Wilson, K.V. Williams, and J. Zgibor; University of Hawaii – R.F. Arakaki,* R.W. Latimer,† N.K. Baker-Ladao, R.M. Beddow, R. Braginsky, M. Calizar, L.M. Dias, N. Durham, D.A. Dupont, L.L. Fukuhara, J. Inouye, M.K. Mau, K. Mikami, P. Mohideen, S.K. Odom, B. Sinkule-Kam, J.S. Tokunaga, R.U. Twiggs, C.Y. Wang, and J. Vita; Southwest American Indian Center for Diabetes Prevention – W.C. Knowler,* N.J. Cooeyate,† M.A. Hoskin,† C.A. Percy,† K.J. Acton, V.L. Andre, S. Antone, N.M. Baptisto, R. Barber, S. Begay, P.H. Bennett, M.B. Benson, S. Beyale, E.C. Bird, B.A. Broussard, M. Chavez, T.S. Dacawyma, M.S. Doughty, R. Duncan, C. Edgerton, J.M. Ghahate, M. Glass, D. Gohdes, W. Grant, R.L. Hanson, E. Horse, G. Hughte, L.E. Ingraham, M.C. Jackson, P.A. Jay, R.S. Kaskalla, D. Kessler, K.M. Kobus, J. Krakoff, C. Manus, T. Morgan, Y. Nashboo (deceased), J. Nelson, G.L. Pauk, S. Poirier, E. Polczynski, M. Reidy, J. Roumain, D.H. Rowse, R.J. Roy, S. Sangster, J. Sewemaenewa, D. Tonemah, C. Wilson, and M. Yazzie; George Washington University Biostatistics Center – S. Fowler,* T. Brenneman,† S. Abebe, R. Bain, J. Bamdad, J. Callaghan, S.L. Edelstein, Y. Gao, K.L. Grimes, N. Grover, K. Hirst, S. Jones, T.L. Jones, R.J. Katz, J.M. Lachin, R. Orlosky, C.E. Stimpson, C. Suiter, M.G. Temprosa, and F.E.M. Walker-Murray; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Program Office – S. Garfield,† R. Eastman, and J. Fradkin; National Institute on Aging – R. Andres; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – M.M. Engelgau, K.M. Venkat Narayan, and D.F. Willi
amson; University of Michigan – W.H. Herman; Central Biochemistry Laboratory (University of Washington) – S.M. Marcovina,* A. Aldrich, and W.L. Chandler; Central ECG Reading Center (Wake Forest University) – P.M. Rautaharju,* N.T. Pemberton, R. Prineas, F.S.R. Rautaharju, and Z. Zhang; Nutrition Coding Center (University of South Carolina) – E.J. Mayer-Davis,* T. Costacou, M. Martin, and K.L. Sparks; Central Carotid Ultrasound Unit (New England Medical Center) – D.H. O’Leary,* L.R.C. Funk, K.A. O’Leary, and J.F. Polak; CT-Scan Reading Unit (University of Colorado) – E.R. Stamm* and A.L. Scherzinger; Lifestyle Resource Core (University of Pittsburgh) – R.R. Wing,* B.P. Gillis, C. Huffmyer, A.M. Kriska, and E.M. Venditti; Medication Resource Workgroup (Albert Einstein College of Medicine) – E.A. Walker* and T. Harroun; Quality of Well Being Reading Unit (University of California, San Diego) – T.G. Ganiats,* E.J. Groessl, P.R. Beerman, K.M. David, R.M. Kaplan, and W.J. Sieber; Data Monitoring Board – S.M. Genuth (chair), G.F. Cahill, F.L. Ferris III, J.R. Gavin III, J.B. Halter, and J. Wittes; Ancillary Studies Subcommittee – R.R. Henry and S.M. Haffner (chairs); Behavioral Scientists – R.R. Rubin (chair); Clinic Operations – B.K. Montgomery (chair); Concomitant Conditions – R.E. Ratner (chair); Economic Evaluation – W.H. Herman (chair); Interventions – S.E. Kahn, J.V. Santiago (deceased), and J. Olefsky (chairs); Lifestyle Advisory Group – R.R. Wing (chair); Outcomes – C. Saudek (chair); Outcomes Classification – R.E. Ratner (chair); Program Coordinators Subcommittee – M. Montez and K. Kramer (chairs); Protocol Oversight – R.F. Hamman (chair); Publications and Presentations – W.C. Knowler (chair); Quality Control – R.B. Goldberg (chair); Recruitment – W.Y. Fujimoto (chair); Recruitment Coordinators Subcommittee – J. Charleston (chair); Retention – R.R. Rubin (chair); Screening and Eligibility – R.F. Hamman (chair); Study Chair and Vice Chair – D.M. Nathan and R.F. Hamman.

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