Pine nuts are the seeds of the eponymous Italian pine, which are located in the cones. On the branches they are located brush for 1-3 pieces. Nuts ripen in the third year of growth cones in October, and by early spring all the seeds fall out. Therefore, the harvest of pine begins in late October, early November.
The nuts are of an oblong oval form, dark brown with small light spots. The shell is much stronger than the shell of cedar seed should therefore be shuck by hand using oreganol or industrially through the pipeline with closely spaced rollers.
On the sides of ripe seed formed face, usually three of them. In size they vary from 1.5 to 1.7 cm, the taste of the nuts have a delicate texture and very resinous flavor similar to nuts of Siberian pine. Pine nuts are the large edible seeds of pine plants. The yield of Mature trees is 3-8 tons of nuts from 1 ha. of Italian pine can live over 500 years and actively to bear fruit.
Common wild stone pine on the shores of the Mediterranean, the Iberian Peninsula and Asia Minor. Pine cultivated in the Caucasus and in the Crimea. The world’s top exporters of nuts of the pine are: Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, Italy and Turkey.
The first mention of the use of pine nuts preserved from the times of the Roman Empire. Soldiers before tiring and prolonged military campaigns took nuts to stave off hunger and easy recovery. For the first time useful properties of pine were described by Avicenna in his book “Canon of medical science”.
When buying pumpkin seeds, you should pay attention to untreated nuts. They long time can be stored without losing its properties. Shelled the nuts cannot be stored for more than two weeks. After this time the fats in the composition of the pine nuts begin to oxidize and progorkaet, and the fruits absorb odors. To prolong the freshness of shelled pine nuts, keep them in the freezer.
Widely used pine nuts in Italian and French kitchens for cooking of confectionery and classic sauces as they are used as a piquant spice to red meat.
Useful properties of pine nuts
Vitamin / mineral composition of pine nuts include vitamins of group b, E, C, minerals: phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, zinc, iron, manganese, cobalt.
Pine nuts, as nuts and other representatives of the pine, contain large amounts of polysaturated fats.
Nuts contain a substance which helps to heal stomach ulcers, to normalize the stomach and intestines. Powdered nuts can be used for healing wounds. For this purpose, the powder poured into the wound and make a gauze bandage. The same bandage can be used for the treatment of skin ulcers and burns with hot water or steam.
If the powder pour hot water and infuse for three minutes, the resulting infusion can be used for gargling for colds, coughs, gum diseases, and emerging from the steam infusion can be used for inhalations in diseases of the bronchi and lungs. This helps expectoration of mucus. The infusion is also used in konjuktivita and loss of eyelashes caused by tick-borne parasitesI.
The use of whole peeled pine nuts have a diuretic effect, normalizes the work of kidneys, liver, intestines, and enhance the potency and sperm motility. Pine nuts are good for chronic fatigue caused by active mental activity, reduced immunity, diseases of the skin, heart, gallstones and allergies.
If you cook the alcohol infusion of whole unpeeled pumpkin seeds, you can get great remedy for back pain caused by degenerative disc disease. This pine seeds (300 g) with the shell should be crushed in a coffee grinder and pour boiling water (0.5 l) cooled to 50°C. the resulting infusion should be left to infuse in a dark place for 4-5 days. At the expiration of that time into the container with the infusion should add medical purified alcohol (0.5 l) and left to age for another 3-4 weeks. Ready infusion should be filtered through cheesecloth and add honey (200 g.). Then all pour into tightly sealed bottles of dark glass. Use of drug infusion necessary during the day for 1 tablespoon before each meal. Store the tincture should be in a cool dark place. Sometimes there is stratification of tincture of pine. Up rising oil nuts, and precipitates a resinous substance. If this happens, then before applying the entire mixture should be well shaken in order components are again mixed.
Pine nuts are contraindicated if you are hypersensitive, obesity, and children up to three years, because there is a likelihood of the nuts in the respiratory tract.
Excessive consumption of nuts may be a violation of vkusnostyami. This is due to the oxidative reactions of certain substances of pine nuts, which are subsequently irritate the receptors and mucosa. Symptoms pass within a few days.
Pine nuts are the seeds of the Italian pine of the same name, which are located in cones. On branches they are arranged by brushes on 1-3 pieces. The nuts are ripening for the third year of cone growth in October, and by the beginning of spring all the seeds are falling out. Therefore, the harvesting of pine begins in late October early November.
Nuts have oblong oval shape, dark brown color with small bright spots. The shell is much stronger than the shell of cedar seeds, so they should be harvested manually using a nutcracker or in an industrial way using a conveyor with closely spaced ridges.
On the sides of the ripe seed are formed faces, usually three. In size, they are from 1.5 to 1.7 cm. To taste, nuts have a gentle resinous consistency and taste very similar to nuts of Siberian pine. Pine nuts are considered the largest edible pine seeds among plants. The yield of mature trees is 3 to 8 tons of nuts per hectare. Italian pine can live more than 500 years and at the same time actively bear fruit.
Wild beasts are spread on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, the Pirine Peninsula and in Asia Minor. Cultivate the pine in the Caucasus and Crimea. The main world exporters of pine nuts are: Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, Italy and Turkey.
The first mention of the use of pine nuts have been preserved since the time of the Roman Empire. Soldiers in front of exhausting and prolonged military campaigns took them with nuts to satisfy hunger and easy recuperation. For the first time, Avicenna described the useful properties of pine in his book The Canon of Medical Science.
Select and use
When buying pine seeds, you should pay attention to uncleaned nuts. They can be stored for a long time without losing their properties. Peeled nuts can not be stored for more than two weeks. At the end of this time, fats in the composition of pine grow oxidized and rancid, and the fruits themselves absorb foreign odors. To extend the freshness of peeled pine nuts, they should be stored in the freezer.
Widely used pine nuts in Italian and French cuisines for the preparation of confectionery and classic sauces, also they are used as a spice to spicy red meat.
Nutrition information in 100 grams:
Proteins, Fats gr, gr Carbohydrates, Zola gr, gr Water gr Calories, kcal
8.7 2.4 11.6 61 6 630
Useful properties of pine nuts
Composition and availability of nutrients
The vitamin-mineral composition of pine nuts includes vitamins: B, E, C, minerals: phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, zinc, iron, manganese, cobalt.
Pine nuts, like nuts from other pine species, contain a large amount of polyunsaturated fats.
Useful and medicinal properties
Nuts contain substances that help to heal stomach ulcers, and normalize the work of the stomach and intestines. Powdered nuts can be used to heal wounds. To do this, the powder falls asleep into the wound and makes a gauze bandage. The same bandage can be used to treat skin ulcers and burns with hot water or steam.
If the powder is poured with hot water and insisted for three minutes, the resulting infusion can be used to rinse the throat for colds, coughs, gum diseases, and the steam leaving the infusion can be used for inhalation in bronchial and pulmonary diseases. This helps the mucus to escape. Infusion is also used in conjunctivitis and loss of eyelashes, caused by tick-borne parasites.
The use of whole peeled nutlets has a diuretic effect, normalizes the work of the kidneys, liver, intestines, and also increases the potency and motility of the spermatozoa. Pine nuts are useful in chronic fatigue caused by active mental activity, decreased immunity, diseases of the skin, heart, gallstones and allergies.
Healing tincture on pine nuts
If you prepare alcoholic infusion from whole unpeeled pine seeds, you can get a wonderful remedy for back pain caused by osteochondrosis. To do this, seeds of pine (300 g) together with the shell should be ground in a coffee grinder and poured with boiled water (0.5 L) cooled to 50 ° C. The resulting infusion should be left in a dark place for 4-5 days. At the end of this time, a medical purified alcohol (0.5 L) should be added to the container with infusion and left to stand for another 3-4 weeks.
Ready tincture should be filtered through gauze and add honey to it (200 g.). After that, pour everything on tightly closed bottles of dark glass. You need to use medicinal tincture during the day for 1 tbsp. L. Before each meal. Keep the tincture in a dark cool place. Sometimes there is a stratification of tincture of pine. The nut oil rises upward, and resinous substances precipitate. If this happens, the entire mixture should be shaken well before use so that the ingredients are mixed again.
Dangerous properties of pine nuts
Pine nuts are contraindicated in case of individual intolerance, obesity, and also to children under three years of age. There is a probability of ingestion of nuts into respiratory