Liposuction (from Greek lipos – fat and English suction – absorption) is a method of correction of body disproportions due to removal of adipose tissue in problem areas. Liposuction is one of the three most popular operations in the world of aesthetic surgery, and its effectiveness and safety has long required no evidence.
At the same time, this is not a weight loss method: liposuction removes fat only in areas that do not respond to diet and exercise. These are the so-called deep fat stores, they are located under the main fat layer, and it is extremely difficult to “get” by the usual methods. Therefore, liposuction is a very real way to restore harmonious proportions of the figure.
What causes patients to undergo surgery? What are the main indications for liposuction?
These are clusters of adipose tissue, not amenable to traditional methods of influence. Most often, this is a zone of breeches, which can be present even in girls who are actively involved in sports and who follow a diet. Fat is removed and in the abdomen, buttocks. It should be noted that liposuction, not being a direct method of combating cellulite, can indirectly contribute to its reduction – due to a general decrease in the layer of fatty deposits.
Generally, there may be several treatment zones, but their number is determined strictly by the physician individually. This type of surgery is performed either alone or together with other surgical interventions, for example, with abdominoplasty or lifting.
Are there those who are not shown or even banned from the procedure?
As for contraindications, they are standard for any kind of surgical interventions: this is an exacerbation of chronic diseases, diabetes mellitus, poor blood coagulability, heart disease. At the usual average person for this procedure there are no contraindications. Before liposuction, the doctor prescribes a full medical examination to exclude all possible risks.
How is the procedure, how painful is it?
The operation is the removal of fat through punctures in the skin. Preliminarily, a cocktail of saline, local anesthetic and epinephrine to dilute fat is introduced into the subcutaneous fatty tissue. This allows you to remove it in a less traumatic way. Liposuction is done in two ways. The first option – the suction of fat is made by vacuum method through a miniature cannula with a rounded end. Its diameter does not exceed 2-4 millimeters, which allows to avoid scars in the future. The second option involves the use of a special instrument with an ultrasonic radiator at the end, it breaks down the fat cells, and the resulting emulsion is pumped through the tube system. This method allows you to speed up the procedure by treating large volumes of tissue.
The choice of method depends on the individual characteristics of the patient, the structure and features of the location of subcutaneous fat. The duration of the operation depends on the extent of the problem areas. If it is small, even local anesthesia is avoided. This indicates a low degree of soreness in liposuction.
What are the complications? Does the reduction in his fat stores harm the woman’s health?
In the whole body and the total amount of adipose tissue, a small amount of fat is removed for the procedure. According to the plastic surgeon of the clinic of Alexander Bush, “for the procedure it is usually not more than three liters. If more extensive intervention is required, we recommend a repeat operation. “
Complications are possible, as with any surgical operation. A competent selection of antibiotics during the procedure and in the first days after does not exclude most of the possible problems.
After the operation, the patient is in the hospital for a maximum of 24 hours, after 3-4 days, the stitches are removed, and the woman can start daily, not physical, work. An important condition is the wearing of compress underwear for a month. Moderate bruising, swelling and discomfort in the treated area begin to decrease within a week. For a full recovery, it takes several weeks, the patient is under medical supervision all this time.
When can I see the result? How long will he last?
Liposuction is a surgical intervention, and the next day it is unlikely you can enjoy your reflection in the mirror. The results will show up as the puffiness decreases, but already in the first week changes in the proportions of the body are seen, which from now on will become permanent. Fat cells are not likely to divide, and their number is approximately the same throughout life. Body volumes depend on their size, not on quantity. Therefore, you can not be afraid of the return of “missed volumes”: liposuction is the result forever.
A healthy lifestyle will help you to maintain good health and maintain the harmony of the figure. And liposuction, without claiming to be a panacea, will help correct the imperfections of nature: non-dangerous, but unaesthetic and modern women absolutely unnecessary fat stores, which spoil the mood and worsen the quality of life.