Increased sweating is a trouble year-round. But in a hot time this problem is especially unpleasant. People go in open clothes, and if sweating is accompanied by a smell, it becomes much more noticeable than in winter. The correspondent of SE learned how to deal with the scourge.
Hyperhidrosis – so officially called increased sweating – occurs for two main reasons. The first is a consequence of diseases of the endocrine system, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases.
Usually, after eliminating the cause, sweating goes by itself. The second case, the so-called essential hyperhidrosis, is more difficult to eliminate – the cause of its occurrence is not fully understood. The problem is that the autonomic nervous system begins to behave inadequately: in response not only to changing the environment, but even to a slight excitement, it causes the sweat glands to work in a strengthened mode, and the sweat that appears does not have time to evaporate from the surface of the skin.
Wet stains on clothing in turn start to bother the owner, and sweating is intensified already due to the excitement about this. It turns out a vicious circle: excitement – sweat – excitement. In addition, the smell adds to the problem – microbes begin to multiply on the wet surface. What to do?
The main function of deodorants is to veil the smell. Although the composition of the product, except for aromatic, there are antibacterial substances, with the appearance of sweat and, as a consequence, the smell, they practically do not fight. Unlike antiperspirants, which regulate the secretion of sweat.
On the site of one of the leading manufacturers of antiperspirants, the action of the agent is described as follows: “Antiperspirant is applied to the surface of the skin. Active components dissolve in sweat or moisture on the surface. Dissolved antiperspirant components form a gel that significantly reduces the amount of sweat secreted. Antiperspirants effectively reduce the level of bacteria on the skin and therefore prevent an unpleasant odor from underarms. ” According to Alexander V. Bush, the surgeon of the Center for Aesthetic Medicine “Other Rules”, substances contained in antiperspirants,
Suitable deodorants are people with normal sweating, and those who suffer from hyperhidrosis, use antiperspirants very moderately, preferably 2-3 times a week, but no more often than once a day, because the risk of inflammation is high.
It is also important in the evening to thoroughly wash off deodorant residues. However, those who know what hyperhidrosis is firsthand will agree that deodorants help to solve the problem only partially. At the moment there are more determined methods of struggle.
A radical method of controlling hyperhidrosis is surgical intervention. There are several types. The first, the most primitive, removal of skin areas containing a significant amount of sweat glands. The use of this method is very limited, and not popular – the appearance of gross scars becomes no less than increased sweating, a problem.
A more complicated procedure – sympathectomy – involves the destruction of vegetative centers that regulate the activity of the skin and are located near the spine.
This operation has complications, and now with the advent of more progressive and sparing methods is used less and less.
“Today, carrying out such operations does not make sense,” argues Alexander Vladimirovich Bush. Why conduct such complex and risky manipulations, when you can just make injections. With the solution of the problem with the help of injections, the need for operations has disappeared. ”
What is the injection effect?
“The problem of local sweating in the zones of axillary basins, palms, soles, backs (in men) is solved by injecting botulinum toxin type A with injections,” says Irina Vladimirovna Peskova, director of the Institute of Cosmetology, KMN. – Sweating stops within the first 24 hours after the procedure, the final effect usually comes in two weeks, lasts from 9 months to a year. ”
Injection of special drugs (most often “Botox” or “Disport”) blocks and apocrine (responsible for the amount of secreted sweat) and the screen (responsible for the appearance of odor) gland. According to Irina Vladimirovna Peskova, this is not harmful, since “no denervation of the zones occurs, but simply the glands do not secrete. ”And with physical exertion, sweat is a little different.
The disadvantages of this procedure are, firstly, tenderness, especially when working with the palms and soles – in this zone, local anesthesia is usually used, and secondly, the high price – the treatment of axillary cavities costs an average of 15 thousand rubles.
It is clear that few will decide on the cardinal methods. What remains to be done? Constantly take care of hygiene, take a shower at least twice a day, try to wear non-clogging clothes from natural fabrics, for tight-fitting use special removable underarm pads, remove hair in problem areas, use deodorized talc for special deodorization. At least once a week you have to arrange a “fasting day” – without deodorants, so that the skin “breathes”. And do not worry. Remember the closed circle?