01.07.2022

Jackfruit

The fruit of jackfruit is the largest edible fruit that grows on trees: a length of 20-90 cm and a diameter of 20 cm, they weigh to 34 kg.

Indian jackfruit or breadfruit is a plant of the mulberry family, a close relative of the breadfruit tree. Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh.

Their thick skin is covered with numerous cone-shaped projections. Young fruits green, when ripe is green-yellow or brown-yellow when tapped emits a hollow sound (immature fruit – deaf). Inside the fruit is divided into big shares containing yellow fragrant sweet pulp consisting of juicy soft fibers. In each lobe there is one fairly large oblong white seed 2-3 cm long Cut, the fruit has a pleasant odor, slightly reminiscent of banana and pineapple.

Along with the smell of exotic fruit in the bouquet there is a light, almost imperceptible touch of artificiality, which is close to the smell of acetone (if you ever tried a very ripe banana or cantaloupe – this shade is also present there). The rind has a peculiar, slightly unpleasant odor, and contains a sticky latex, so it is recommended before dissection of the fetus to grease the hands with oil or wear rubber gloves.

Overripe fruit becomes brown and spoil quickly, but in the refrigerator it can be stored for 1-2 months.

The Motherland of jackfruit think India (Eastern Ghats) and Bangladesh; now it is most common in Southeast Asia and the Philippines. Is it landing in East Africa (Kenya, Uganda). On the Islands of Oceania and in the tropics of the New world, in addition to Northern Brazil and Suriname, jackfruit is quite rare.

From wood of the jackfruit are building large houses, and also produce furniture and musical instruments, since wood is known for its durability and beautiful Golden color. In the 19th century, yellow dye, which was obtained from the skin and from the tree trunk of the jackfruit, was a very valuable commercial product. In Thailand it was used for colouring silk, cotton and clothing of the monks. From the trunk of the tree also produce latex, which is contained in the fruit and leaves, has excellent strength; it is made from very high quality glue.

The rind of jackfruit should be greenish-yellow and intact. To the touch it should be firm but not hard. When the fruit ripens, the skin is tightened, becomes elastic, and emits a subtle scent. Too strong smell suggests that jackfruit is already overripe. To clean the fruit, cut it lengthwise and remove the resin. Remove the core and push the peel to separate the parts fruit from each other. Cut out the flesh with a knife and select seeds. Jackfruit can be stored in the refrigerator for 3-5 days and freezer for up to two months.

Low-fat, but nutritious enough product due to the high content of carbohydrates. 100 grams of raw jackfruit 94 kcal, and 100 g of canned has 92 calories. The consumption of this fruit in moderate amounts does not lead to excess weight.

The beneficial properties of jackfruit

Ripe fruits contain 30 to 40% edible flesh, they are very nutritious and contain about 40% carbohydrate (starch) – more, than in bread. Therefore (and because of the cheapness) jackfruit in India is called “bread for the poor.” Seeds are also nutritious – they contain 38% carbohydrates, 6.6% protein and 0.4% fat; they are often roasted and eaten as chestnuts.

The ripe fruit is eaten fresh, marmalades, jellies, candied. Immature fruits are used as vegetables – they are boiled, fried and stew. The flesh of the jackfruit is low in calories, rich in vitamin a, sulfur, potassium, calcium and phosphorus. Fully ripe slices of flesh can be frozen and stored in the refrigerator. Numerous seeds, and their fruit can be up to 300, fried and eaten as chestnuts.

Flowers fruit in blanshirovat to add to the spicy Cayenne pepper or shrimp sauce. Young leaves can cheese added to the papaya salad. Is used everything. The peel can be sugar or brine and it is also suitable as feed for animals. The fruit of Thailand – giant jackfruit

The flesh of the jackfruit is perfectly combined with ice cream and other fruits and sweets, especially the flesh in coconut milk in a fruit salad. From jackfruit to cook a very special filling for pies and even slice and bake fruit as vegetables. Jackfruit is an excellent choice for all meat and fish dishes; also fruit can be cut into cubes and decorate the top with spicy meals, such as fish or chicken salads. Vinaigrette with the addition of jackfruit becomes very tempting and delicious taste. For a great side dish to meat, jackfruit enough to slice and cook it on the grill for a few minutes. The jackfruit can be stuffed chicken, which will give the meat an exotic spicy aroma.

It is believed that the jackfruit tree brings good luck because its Thai name means “support, help”. So in many gardens around the houses are trees savoury. It is believed that due to copper-green color (and copper is considered a magical metal in Thai folklore), jackfruit seeds have the properties of a talisman, which protect the host from gunshot wounds and wounds caused by sharp objects.

Jackfruit is also used for medical purposes. The tree roots used to treat diarrhea, while the flowers have anti-diuretic properties. Young, immature fruits have astringent properties and apply on the skin.

Ripe fruit has laxative properties. It is believed that welded in the form of herbal tea leaves of jackfruit increase the amount of milk in nursing mothers.

Dangerous properties of jackfruit

Jackfruit can be harmful if you are hypersensitive and allergic to any of its ingredients.

Also people are not accustomed to this kind of food, first tasted jackfruit can earn an upset stomach.

Indian Jackfruit or breadfruit is a plant of the Mulberry family, a close relative of the breadfruit tree. Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh.

The fruit of the jackfruit is the largest edible fruit growing on trees: they are 20-90 cm long and 20 cm in diameter, they weigh up to 34 kg. Their thick peel is covered with numerous conical projections. Young fruits are green, they become green-yellow or brown-yellow when ripe, and when hollow, they produce a hollow sound (immature fruit – deaf). Inside the fruit is divided into portions containing a large yellow fragrant sweet flesh, consisting of juicy soft fibers. In each lobule there is one rather large oblong white seed 2-3 cm in length. The cut fruit has a pleasant specific smell slightly resembling a banana and pineapple. Along with the smell of fruit exotics, the bouquet has a slight, almost imperceptible shade of artificiality, close to the smell of acetone (if you’ve ever tried very ripe bananas or melons – this shade is also present there). The rind has a specific, slightly unpleasant smell, and contains an adhesive latex, so it is recommended to grease your hands with sunflower oil or put on rubber gloves before cutting the fruit.

The overgrown fruit becomes brown and quickly spoils, but in the refrigerator it can be stored for 1-2 months.

The native land of the jackfruit is India (Eastern Ghats) and Bangladesh; Now it is most common in South-East Asia and the Philippines. There are also plantings in eastern Africa (Kenya, Uganda). On the islands of Oceania and the tropics of the New World, in addition to northern Brazil and India, the jackfruit is quite rare.

From the large jackfruit tree houses are built, and also produce furniture and musical instruments, because the wood is famous for its durability and beautiful golden color. In the 19th century, the yellow dye that was obtained from the peel and from the trunk of a jackfruit tree was a very valuable commercial product. In Thailand, it was used for painting the silks, cotton and monks clothes. From the tree trunk also produce latex, which is found in the fruit itself and in leaves, has an excellent viscosity; From it they produce very high-quality glue.

Choice, storage, use

Jackfruit rind should be greenish-yellow and undamaged. To the touch it should be dense, but not firm. When the fruit ripens, the peel is stretched, becomes elastic and produces a subtle aroma. Too strong smell indicates that the jackfruit is already overripe. To clear the fruit, cut it along and remove the gum. Also remove the core and press on the peel to separate the fruit parts from each other. Cut the flesh with a knife and select the seeds. Jackfruit can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 3-5 days and in the freezer up to two months.

Caloric content of jackfruit

Low-fat, but quite nutritious product due to the increased content of carbohydrates. In 100 g of raw jackfruit 94 kcal, and in 100 g of canned – 92 kcal. The use of this fruit in a moderate amount will not lead to the appearance of excess weight.

Nutrition information in 100 grams:

Proteins, Fats gr, gr Carbohydrates, Zola gr, gr Water gr Calories, kcal
1.5 0.3 1 22.4 73.3 94
Useful properties of jackfruit

Ripe fruits contain 30 to 40% edible pulp, they are very nutritious and contain about 40% carbohydrates (starch) – more than in bread. Therefore (and because of the cheapness) the jackfruit in India is called “bread for the poor”. Seeds are also nutritious – they contain 38% carbohydrates, 6.6% protein and 0.4% fat; They are often roasted and eaten like chestnuts.

Ripe fruit is eaten fresh, marmalade, jelly, candied. Immature fruits are used as vegetables – they are boiled, fried and stewed. The pulp of the jackfruit is low-calorie, rich in vitamin A, sulfur, potassium, calcium and phosphorus. Fully ripened lobes of flesh can be frozen and stored in the refrigerator. Numerous seeds, and they can be up to 300 in the fetus, fry and eat like chestnuts.

Bloomed flowers are added to the spicy peppers or shrimp sauce. Young leaves can be added raw in a salad of papaya. Everything is used absolutely. The rind can be candied or marinated, and it is suitable as an animal feed. The fruit of Thailand is a giant jackfruit

The pulp of the jackfruit is perfectly combined with ice cream and other sweets and fruits, especially the pulp in coconut milk in the form of fruit salad. From jackfruit it is possible to prepare an unusual stuffing for pies and even cut and bake the fruit as vegetables. Jackfruit is great for all meat and fish dishes; Also the fruit can be cut into cubes and decorate with top sharp snacks, for example fish or chicken salads. Vinaigrette with the addition of jackfruit acquires a very tempting and delicious taste. To prepare a garnish for meat, the jackfruit is cut and cooked on the grill for a few minutes. Jackfruit can be stuffed with chicken, which will give the meat an exotic spicy flavor.

It is believed that the tree of the jackfruit yields

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