The intestinal microbiome influences checkpoint blockade


  1. Cynthia L. Sears and Drew M. Pardoll are at the Bloomberg-Kimmel Institute for Immunotherapy, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Balitmore, Maryland, USA.

    • Cynthia L Sears
    •  & Drew M Pardoll


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Competing interests

D.M.P. receives funding from Bristol–Myers Squibb and the Melanoma Research Alliance for immunotherapy research and consults for a number of companies with interests in immunotherapy, namely Compugen, GlaxoSmithKline, Medimmune/AstraZeneca, Merck, Potenza Therapeutics, Sanofi, Tizona, DNatrix, Amgen, Rock Springs Capital, Immunomic Therapeutics, Janssen, WindMil Therapeutics and Bayer. D.M.P. and C.L.S. are both supported by the Bloomberg-Kimmel Institute for Immunotherapy.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Cynthia L Sears.