“There is no country in Europe and America that is more similar to Russia than Spain,” write Peter Weil and Alexander Genis in his book “Russian Cuisine in Exile.” “By lining the cultural European continent from the west and east, the Spaniards and Russians in the Middle Ages took terrible strikes, for centuries, falling under the yoke of the Moors and Mongols.” Naturally, this could not but affect the culinary traditions: if you delve into the Spanish cuisine, you can find a huge number of ingredients and whole dishes, borrowed from the culture of Muslim conquerors.
Real Spanish cuisine (before the Arab influence) was a peasant food, simple and uncomplicated. “Spanish cuisine in general is distinguished by the bluntness inherent in nations that later realized cooking with high art,” Genis and Weill continue. – The French and Italians continued to seek the Romans, and we with the Spaniards hand in hand fought for your and our freedom with the Moors and Tatars. ” Especially popular in Spain are the dishes “in one pot” (something like our saltwort), where you can find everything that was found in the refrigerator by a Spanish peasant woman – fats, proteins and carbohydrates:
“Not counting cooking a serious occupation, the Spaniards poured everything into one A bunch, caring only about the quality of the original ingredients. The romantic eclecticism of Spanish cuisine suits the busy people as much as possible. “
Like all busy people who do not have too much time for snacks and gatherings, the focus is on dinner in Spain. Dinner Spaniards late, but from the heart, without haste eating all kinds of snacks and hot dishes. As for lunch, it is modest enough, but on a hot day there is nothing to do without cool gazpacho.
Gaspacho – an icy (in the literal sense of the word) Spanish vegetable soup originally from Andalusia. The main ingredients of this soup are tomatoes, peppers, onions, cucumbers, olive oil and bread. Despite the fact that in the mind of the man in the street this soup is directly associated with tomatoes, in the original version they were absent. They did not put tomatoes in gazpacho for a very simple reason – by the time the dish was invented, they had not yet been brought to Europe. And already in the 16th century, tomatoes imported by Christopher Columbus added a soup of bright taste, color and popularity.
At that time, Spanish gazpacho was very much like the Russian aura – a liquid cold dish made from bread, kvass and vegetables. Unlike meat, there was no meat in Tür. But if very fresh bread was selected for the Türi, then practical Spanish for gazpacho would have had bread of a week ago. Stale bread warmed up with garlic, ice water, olive oil and wine vinegar.
As it often happens, there is no single version of the origin of the name of the soup. However, more often they tend to Muslim influence: the name “gazpacho” goes back to the Arabic word meaning “soaked bread”. Outside of Andalusia the soup became famous thanks to Eugenia Montijo, a desperate adventurer and part-time wife of the French Emperor Napoleon III. The rather modest ingredients of the soup made it democratic and affordable for ordinary workers and farmers.
For gazpacho will need :
400 grams of tomatoes;
1 large cucumber;
1 red sweet pepper;
1 large piece of white bread;
1-2 tbsp. l. wine vinegar;
In ancient times, Spanish women did not have blenders and combines, so bread with vegetables was milled with a mortar and pestle or with just hands. If you prefer a homogeneous creamy mass – use a blender, if you like to grind the pieces – finely chop all the ingredients.
Chop the garlic and salt. Stale bread rid of crusts, dip for a couple of seconds in cold water, then wring out. In gazpacho not so many components, most importantly – tomatoes. They should be large, fleshy and juicy. You can add a few canned tomatoes to taste (but not salted, but in your own juice).
In Spain gazpacho is decorated with beautifully sliced pieces of vegetables and croutons (crispy bits of dried bread).
Serve the soup in small plates garnish – diced tomatoes and cucumbers, finely chopped onion and croutons.
If you are so razmorilo from the heat that you flatly refuse to cook, you can cool with gaspacho in the institutions of our city. In the restaurant “Mexico” 350 g of ice soup costs 180 rubles, in the cafe “Perchini” 300 g will cost 149 rubles. In News-Café, two kinds of gazpacho are served: a 200-gram serving with cucumber and mint costs 180 rubles, and with crab meat – 390.