Life has improved, there are more
According to the World Committee on Counteracting Obesity, by 2005, there were 155 million children aged 5-17 years with excess weight in the world, and 45 million of them were obese. According to the latest statistics, obesity is diagnosed in 5.5% of Russian children living in rural areas and in 8.5% of urban children – however, these figures are far from the present picture, since only those children whose parents applied to clinics . But the fact that the problem of childhood obesity has appeared in the last decade and the number of full children is growing steadily is obvious.
According to the research conducted by the Siberian Federal Center for Healthy Nutrition, among Novosibirsk children almost 90% of schoolchildren have health problems related to malnutrition, including the risk of obesity.
As for malnutrition, it is curious that in the US, full children are usually a sign of dysfunctional families, where there is no money for healthy food and everyone is forced to eat fast food. In Russia, fast food restaurants are not at all affordable for poor people, and even “junk food” – crackers, chips and other snacks – are given as a treat and encouragement. Accordingly, full-grown children in Russia are more likely to meet in families with a normal income, where parents are once due to prepare a full-fledged lunch, where semi-finished products are often used that have high caloric content, and these children do not spend calories by walking in the yard or running to the sports section , and accumulate, sitting at the computer bought by the parents. “It’s not even a matter of pelmeni, but in the way of life,” says Yakov Novoselov, director of the SFCF. – Previously, the education of children involved in society, now this load is entirely laid on the shoulders of the parents. As a result, children are not organized primarily physically. The role is also played by the fact that we can not control the quality of food – the composition of many products in supermarkets is simply unknown to us. “
It’s all about the parents.
“My child has metabolic problems,” is the first thought that occurs in the mother’s head, who noticed that the child is not obese by age. Of course, the constitution of the child can be affected by diseases of the endocrine system, brain diseases, and genes – the fullness can be inherited. But the disease does not relieve of duty – in all these cases, a special diet can not be dispensed with.
However, the main problem is precisely the lack of proper eating habits. In general, many full people are sure that they have something with the metabolism and they need to be treated to lose weight. But, according to Elena Obut, the doctor-therapist of the medical center “Zdravica”, the overwhelming majority of those who deal with the problem of excessive weight do not have any organic violations, but lead a way of life leading to the accumulation of stocks. Children are no exception.
“Most often in the case of children, there is an alimentary, primary type of obesity, that is, banal overfeeding,
– complains Natalia Salnikova, a doctor-dietician of the medical center “Effect”. – Unreasonable feeding begins with early childhood and is accompanied by hypodynamia: no one is doing exercises in the morning. ” But if a child has become an owner of extra pounds to 10-12 years old, his body in the adult state will not want to give up the acquired fat tissue, and the person will grow fat. By the way, doctors themselves strongly do not recommend obesity and put it on a diet independently: “Inspection from a pediatrician should be regular,” explains Natalia Salnikova, a dietitian. – If you have suspicions about the weight of the child, the doctor will be able to calculate according to special scales normal body weight for this age, sex and body height. It’s better not to engage in self-activity »
Do not have soybeans
If we return to the issue of overfeeding, then a reasonable comment can arise: the persuasion “spoon for the pope, spoon for the mother” took place in the past and the century before, but the children did not swell so. “The question is, what to overfeed,” adds Yakov Novoselov. – The quality of current products does not always fit into the category of healthy and healthy: for example, sausages, chocolate bars very often contain in excess soy.
Soy itself is not harmful, but since it contains estrogen-like substances, its constant use in large quantities can lead to hormonal changes, including obesity by the female type. “
What to feed the child? “Obesity is only one of the manifestations of malnutrition,” says Yakov Novoselov, director of the Siberian Federal Center for Healthy Nutrition. “Most of the acquired diseases that our children suffer are due to the lack of food culture.” So, how to prevent obesity:
• The amount of carbohydrates in the diet should not exceed 30% (this includes white bread, potatoes, sweet): “It is not necessary to forbid eating chocolate,” explains Yakov Novoselov. “But it must be dessert, food, but not the main course.”
• Most of the diet should be animal proteins and vegetables, fruits:“Fat fish, good meat (not sausage and semi-finished products), quality dairy products without artificial colors and flavors, stewed vegetables (preferably not potatoes), a glass of freshly squeezed juice (better vegetable, for example, carrot) – such products will help the child develop normally “, – states the Director of the SFCF.
• Fractional and regular meals: “The child should be fully at least three times a day, snacks that often consist of carbohydrates should be strictly monitored,” warns Novoselov.
• Constant physical activity. Let the child walk at least an hour at a time, if there is no possibility to send him to the sports or dance section.
That’s just fulfilling all these requirements, parents are important to avoid hypocrisy – eating dumplings in front of the TV in front of the child being raised will be just cruel and dishonest. From the parental nutritional habits depends the lion’s share of the child’s health: American researchers found that normal children, adopted by fat adoptive mothers, in 98% become overweight.